Archive for June, 2009

The buried prophets in Iran

Monday, June 1st, 2009

 During the history, Iran sometimes has been counted as a secure country that has welcomed many immigrants. A group of these immigrants were prophets that had chosen Iran for life. In Achaemenian period, among many people were captured by Nebuchadnezzar (Bokhtonnasr) and came to Iran, the prophets and the nobles were seen.
In the following, there is some information about the buried prophets in Iran or their tomb maybe in Iran:

Shem and Lam: (Sim and Lam)
According to the belief of the people of Semnan and also based on the contents of the available inscription, two children of Noah named Shem on Nabi and Lam on Nabi have been buried in a place near Semnan. The tomb of Semnan’s prophets is located on the top of a high mountain 18 kilometers north- east of Semnan. There are two ways to go to this tomb. One of them is from the village of Darjazin near Sangsar and the other is from the main road of Semnan to Damghan (highway patrol).
This road is dirt and rocky.

The prophet Khalid (Khalid e Nabi)
The full name of this prophet is Khalid Ibn Sanan e Abasi. He propagandized the religion of Jesus Christ. He descends from the Holy Ishmael (Ismail), the son of Abraham (Ibrahim), and he is one of the prophets that has given good news of Mohammad (P.B.U.H) that will be chosen as God’s messenger and he has lived in Fatrat period. Fatrat period is ascribed to the interval between the Holy Jesus Christ’s prophetic mission and the Holy Mohammad Ibn Abdullah’s prophetic mission. According to some signs and ahadith, in Fatrat period, no prophet has been chosen as God’s messenger. Although based on the idea of the analysts, during this period, 4 prophets had this mission to propagandize the religion of Jesus Christ that three of them named Simon (Shamun), John (Yuhanna), Jonah (Yunus) were from Bani Israel and the fourth named Khalid Ibn Sanan e Abasi was Arab. Apparently Khalid Ibn Sanan was contemporary with Anushirvan and has lived in the land of Banighatfan. It was narrated that the daughter of Khalid Ibn Sanan named Mahyah has attended the Holy Mohammad.
Only the Holy Mohammad (P.B.U.H) and Khalid Ibn Sanan were from Arabs and the other prophets were from Bani Israel.
About the tomb of  Khalid e Nabi: The great analyst of  Hanafi religion, Sheikh Ishmael Haqqi points about  the  location  of  the tomb of  Khalid e Nabi that this tomb is located in Jorjan area and at the top of a mountain named God Mountain.
The address of the tomb: the Province of Golestan - the town of Kalaleh - towards “Qarequzi Sofla” and “Yoli Bodraq”- 38 Kilometers  of  dirt road to the tomb of  Khalid e nabi (the prophet Khalid).

Joshua (Yusha‘):
According to the idea of some historians, Joshua was freed from the captivity of Nebuchadnezzar (Bokhtonnasr) by Cyrus (Korosh) and came to Iran. Joshua is bruied in historical cemetery of Takht e Foolad in Esfahan that its antiquity goes back before Islam and is located in Imam Sajjad St. The area that Joshua is buried ٫ is named“ Lesan ol Arz”. According to the narrations “ Lesan ol Arz ” is the place that the earth talked with Imam Hasan (p.B.U.H) and informed  him of  approaching the enemy when Imam passed there.

Sha’yaye Nabi (the prophet Sha’ya):
He is one of the Bani Israel’s prophets that descends from the Holy Jacob (yaqub). The location of his life was Jerusalem and he was as God’s messenger before Zecharia (Zakaria). His shrine is located next to Imamzadeh Ishmael around Hatef e Esfahani St. There is an inscription in nasta’ligh (Persian calligraphy) script on the north side of his shrine from Safavid Shah Sultan Hossein that introduces Sha’ya mosque as the first great mosque in Esfahan and Also points that Abol Abbas e Mofty has built this mosque in the period of Imam Ali’s caliphate and Alb Arsalan has repaired it.

Habakkuk (Hayaquq):
This name has two pronunciations: Hayaquq and Habaquq. The meaning of Habakkuk is “hugged” and the reason of this name giving is that he was sick and died in childhood and the Holy Elias hugged him and prayed and asked God to revive him and he revived. Habakkuk was one of the Bani Israel’s prophets and the guardian of Solomon (Soleyman) temple in Jesursalem and his name is in Old Testament.
He was chosen as God’s messenger after Sha’ya. He was captivated by Nebuchadnezzar (Bokhtonnasr) for long years and he came to Iran with the prophet Daniel (Danial) after capturing of Babylon by Cyrus. He lived in Hamedan and after he died, he was buried in Tuysarkan. The tomb of Habakkuk is located in the south-west of the city of Tuysarkan.

Haggai (Hajjy):
He lived in the reign of Darius (Darush) the great. His name in Torah is the Holy “Hakky” and its meaning is “happy”. He was contemporary with Mardkhay. The tomb of this prophet is located in Hamedan near Imam Khomeyni Square, inside Bazaar, in Peighambar row and inside Peighambar mosque.

Mardkhay: 
Mardkhay is one of the nobles and one of the Bani Israel’s prophets that he lived in the reign of Xerxes (Khashayarsha) and he descends from the Holy Jacob (Yaqub). Mardkhay played a great role in preventing the massacre of Jews in the reign of Xrexes and that’s why he is very respectable for Jews. The shrine of Mardkhay and his nephew is located in Hamedan near Imam Khomeyni Square and in Shariati St.

Kedar (Qeydar):
The Holy Kedar is the 30th ancestor of the Holy Mohammad (P.B.U.H). It was said in Yaqubi history: the Holy Ishmael had 12 sons that the oldest was the Holy Kedar and after the Holy Ishmael died, Kedar called the people to theism. The meaning of Kedar is “negro”. The shrine of this holy man is located in the town of Khodabandeh, (Kedar) the Province of Zanjan.

Salaam, Salum, Sahuli, Alqia:
It appears that these prophets were contemporary with “the companions of the cave”.  Their death’s time was different but after the burying of the first prophet in this place, their followers buried the other prophets next to him. The shrine of these four prophets is located in Qazvin, Peighambarieh St.

Ishmael (Ismail):
This prophet was contemporary with Taloot and he is related to the story of David (Davood) and Jaloot. There is a tomb almost 50 kilometers of the city of Saveh   in the road of Bouinzahra that according to the saying of the local people and some documents, is the Holy shrine of one of the great prophets named the Holy Ishmael. The way of the shrine is located in mountainous road 9 kilometers of the village of Vardeh. There is an inscription there that indicates the presence of Nasser-ed-Din Shah and his companions.

Daniel (Danial):
He is one of the great divine prophets. He descends from the Holy David and he has prophesied the Holy Mohammad’s prophetic mission. The meaning of Daniel in Hebrew language is “God is my ruler”. Daniel has been contemporary with Cyrus the great and Darius I. He was one of the people had been captured by Nebuchadnezzar (Bokhtonnasr) and had been prisoned in Babylon.

Cyrus (Korosh):
The tomb known as the tomb of Solomon’s mother in Marghab plain (Pasargad), now it is very respectable as the tomb of Cyrus the great by the people and many experts.
In the time that this tomb was known as the tomb of Solomon’s mother, it was also respectable by the local people and now it is considerable for Iranians and the world’s people.
There is a book named Cyrus the great (Zolqarnein) by Abolkalam Azad. There are many witnesses in this book that introduces Cyrus the great as Zolqarnein in Quran. The ideas that exist in this book have focused the idea of many Islamic scholars like Tabatabayee savant that he writes: “although the saying of Abolkalam has some opponents but it conforms to Quran signs more than the other saying.” On the other side, it is completely clear that the name of Cyrus has frequently mentioned as the savior in Old Testament. So  Cyrus  maybe the same Zolqarnein in Quran. The tomb of Cyrus the great is located in an area named Pasargad, the main road of Esfahan to Shiraz, the Province of Fars.

Baba Vali (Prophet Qader):
The shrine of Babavali (prophet Qader) in the village of Babavali in Deilaman is known as the shrine of prophet Qader. We don’t know anymore about the shrine and the buried person.

Bahezqil:
There is a small and simple building near congregational mosque in Dezful that is attributed to the tomb of Bahezqil, Daniel’s father. We don’t know anymore.

The prophet Jeremiah (Armiaye Nabi):
It has been mentioned of the tomb of a prophet named Jeremiah in the north of Khorramshahr in an article in the Islamic Republic newspaper in 1379/9/15 A.H. The prophet Jeremiah was chosen as God’s messenger in the reign of Yahuyaqim  and Sedqia that were Jew kings.

Rubin:
It is mentioned of the tomb of a prophet named Rubin in Mayamey (on the way of Mashad) in an article named “the wonderful loneliness of our land’s prophets ” by Mr. Forqanipoor, in 1379/9/19 A.H. According to Dehkhoda dictionary, Rubin is one of the Jacob’s twelve sons.

George (Jerjis):
It has been mentioned of the tomb of George in the city of Shushtar in a book named “The culture of villages and religious places of the country.” There is a village in the south-west of Shushtar called George that there is a tomb next to it named the prophet George. There are other tombs such as Rubin, Hezqil, Syuib (Shoaib), Simon (Shamun), Isaac (Is’haq), Enoch (Idris) and Mardkhay around this tomb. It is doubtful in the accuracy of the tomb of George in this place and his tomb is probably in Mosuel, Iraq.

Rubil:
The deceased Seyyed Abdullah Jazayeri, one of the scholars of Shushtar (died 1173 H.L), in the ninth chapter of “Tazkareye Shushtar’ says: many of Bani Israel’s prophets lived around Shushtar and Dezful, near Dezful river, such as: Isaac, Simon, Jacob, Levi, George and Rubil. It has been said in the book of Alghadir that the tomb of Rubil, Jacob’s son, is in Egypt.

Jonah (Yunus):
It has been mentioned of the tomb of Jonah in Gonabad in the book named “the culture of villages and religious places of the country” that its accuracy is doubtful. The tomb of Jonah is in Mosuel, Iraq.

Jacob (Yaqub):
It has been mentioned of the tomb of Jacob in Gorgan in the book of “the culture of villages and religious places of the country’ that there is not any right information about it. It has been said in Alghadir: The Holy Jacob passed away in Egypt and was taken Sham.

The tomb of other prophets: The accuracy of these tombs has not approved.   Abraham (Ibrahim) in Susangerd.
Isaac (Is’haq) and Ishmael (Ismail) in the road of Dezful to Haft Tappeh.
The prophet Job (Ayub) in the village named Bandbon e Laknay in Tonekabon.
The prophet Salih in Shushtar.
References:
1) The biography of the holy prophet Khalid by Abd or Rahman e Akhund e Tongoli Tana, Translated by: Mousa Jorjani, print and publication: The cultural publishing institution named Makhtom Qoli Faraghy. Gorgan 2006.
2) Our land’s prophets by Abbas Salih e Madreseei - Qom - Dar Rah e Haq-2001.
3) A research about the prophet’s life in Iran by Vali ol Lahe Fuzi Tuysarkani- The office of Islamic publication.
4) The sepulchral buildings – The cultural and Islamic art research center
5) The mausoleum in the range of the Iranian culture by Dr. Mehdi Gharavi- The organization of print and publication of Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.
6) Cyrus the great (Zolqarnein) by Molana Abolkalam Azad translated by Bastani Parizi- Tehran- Elm publication- 2001.

Written By: Arash Nooraghayee           Translated By: Somayeh Mahdavinia